Prenatal predictors of maternal and newborn EEG
Ninety-two mothers were recruited at a prenatal ultrasound clinic at which time they were given the CES-D for depression and the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory, and their urines were assayed for cortisol, norepinephrine, epinephrine, dopamine, and serotonin. At the neonatal period the mothers and neonates were assessed on frontal EEG asymmetry. Correlation analyses revealed the following: (1) the mothers' frontal asymmetry was negatively related to prenatal depression (CES-D) symptoms, negatively related to prenatal norepinephrine levels and positively related to prenatal serotonin levels; (2) the frontal asymmetry of the newborn was positively correlated with the mothers' frontal asymmetry and negatively correlated with the mothers' prenatal depression (CES-D) symptoms and negatively correlated with the mothers' prenatal state anxiety scores. The neonates' EEG frontal asymmetry was also, like the mother's, negatively related to prenatal maternal norepinephrine and positively related to prenatal maternal serotonin. © 2004 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Field, T; Diego, M; Hernandez-Reif, M; Vera, Y; Gil, K; Schanberg, S; Kuhn, C; Gonzalez-Garcia, A
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