Pharmacologic treatment of psychiatric disease in pregnancy and lactation: fetal and neonatal effects.
To review published data pertaining to safety of psychoactive drugs used to treat psychiatric disorders during pregnancy and lactation.
A computerized search of articles published through July 1995 was performed on the MEDLINE data base. Additional sources were identified through cross-referencing.
Methods of study selection
All identified references were reviewed with particular attention given to study design.
Data extraction and synthesis
Each reference was reviewed to determine the safety of psychoactive agents to treat depression, bipolar disease, schizophrenia, and anxiety during pregnancy and lactation. Prospective or large retrospective studies were given more importance than case reports.
Psychoactive medications may be used during pregnancy. Because data on safety are largely retrospective, treatment decisions must be weighed carefully.
Kuller, JA; Katz, VL; McMahon, MJ; Wells, SR; Bashford, RA
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