Temper, temperature, and temptation: heat-related retaliation in baseball.

Journal Article (Journal Article)

In this study, we analyzed data from 57,293 Major League Baseball games to test whether high temperatures interact with provocation to increase the likelihood that batters will be hit by a pitch. Controlling for a number of other variables, we conducted analyses showing that the probability of a pitcher hitting a batter increases sharply at high temperatures when more of the pitcher's teammates have been hit by the opposing team earlier in the game. We suggest that high temperatures increase retaliation by increasing hostile attributions when teammates are hit by a pitch and by lowering inhibitions against retaliation.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Larrick, RP; Timmerman, TA; Carton, AM; Abrevaya, J

Published Date

  • April 2011

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 22 / 4

Start / End Page

  • 423 - 428

PubMed ID

  • 21350182

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1467-9280

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0956-7976

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1177/0956797611399292


  • eng