Compensation of overlay errors due to mask bending and nonflatness for EUV masks
EUV blank non-flatness results in both out of plane distortion (OPD) and in-plane distortion (IPD) [3-5]. Even for extremely flat masks (∼50 nm peak to valley (PV)), the overlay error is estimated to be greater than the allocation in the overlay budget. In addition, due to multilayer and other thin film induced stresses, EUV masks have severe bow (∼1 μm PV). Since there is no electrostatic chuck to flatten the mask during the e-beam write step, EUV masks are written in a bent state that can result in ∼15 nm of overlay error. In this article we present the use of physically-based models of mask bending and non-flatness induced overlay errors, to compensate for pattern placement of EUV masks during the e-beam write step in a process we refer to as E-beam Writer based Overlay error Correction (EWOC). This work could result in less restrictive tolerances for the mask blank non-flatness specs which in turn would result in less blank defects. © 2009 SPIE.
Chandhok, M; Goyal, S; Carson, S; Park, SJ; Zhang, G; Myers, AM; Leeson, ML; Kamna, M; Martinez, FC; Stivers, AR; Lorusso, GF; Hermans, J; Hendrickx, E; Govindjee, S; Brandstetter, G; Laursen, T
Volume / Issue
International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)