The invalidity of disclaimers about the effects of social feedback on self-esteem.


Journal Article

Despite the fact that several theories suggest that people's self-esteem is affected by social approval and disapproval, many individuals steadfastly maintain that how other people regard them has no effect on how they feel about themselves. To examine the validity of these beliefs, two experiments compared the effects of social approval and disapproval on participants who had indicated either that their self-esteem is affected by how other people evaluate them or that their self-esteem is unaffected by interpersonal evaluation. Results of both studies converged to show that approval and disapproval clearly affected the self-esteem of even those individuals who denied that social evaluations affected their feelings about themselves.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Leary, MR; Gallagher, B; Fors, E; Buttermore, N; Baldwin, E; Kennedy, K; Mills, A

Published Date

  • May 2003

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 29 / 5

Start / End Page

  • 623 - 636

PubMed ID

  • 15272995

Pubmed Central ID

  • 15272995

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1552-7433

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0146-1672

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1177/0146167203029005007


  • eng