Self-presentation in everyday interactions: effects of target familiarity and gender composition.


Journal Article

This study examined people's self-presentation motives in unstructured, everyday social interaction as a function of participants' gender similarity to, and general familiarity with, the targets of their self-presentations. Participants maintained a variant of the Rochester Interaction Record for 1 week. For every interaction that lasted 10 min or more, they rated the degree to which they wanted to make each of 4 impressions (likable, competent, ethical, and attractive), how much they thought about the impressions others in the interaction formed of them, and how nervous they felt in the interaction. In general, participants' self-presentational motives were lower in interactions with highly familiar people of their own sex than they were either in interactions with less familiar people of their sex or in interactions with people of the other sex regardless of familiarity. When participants' interactions with only their 3 most familiar interactants were examined, self-presentational concerns decreased with familiarity in same-sex interactions but increased with familiarity in cross-sex interactions.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Leary, MR; Nezlek, JB; Downs, D; Radford-Davenport, J; Martin, J; McMullen, A

Published Date

  • October 1994

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 67 / 4

Start / End Page

  • 664 - 673

PubMed ID

  • 7965612

Pubmed Central ID

  • 7965612

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1939-1315

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0022-3514

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1037//0022-3514.67.4.664


  • eng