Heart failure hospitalization is more common in pacemaker patients with sinus node dysfunction and a prolonged paced QRS duration.
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to determine whether a prolonged paced QRS duration increases the risk of cardiac dysfunction. BACKGROUND: Right ventricular apical pacing mimics left bundle branch block, results in a prolonged QRS duration of variable duration, and causes ventricular desynchronization. METHODS: In the Mode Selection Trial (MOST), QRS duration was measured in patients who had at least one paced ventricular complex recorded on 12-lead ECG within 3 months of enrollment (early) and after 9 months (late). Clinical endpoints including heart failure hospitalization, mortality, and atrial fibrillation were analyzed. A total of 1,026 patients were included in the analysis. Median age was 75 years (25th, 75th percentiles = 69, 80) and median ejection fraction prior to implant was 55% (45, 60). The cumulative percent ventricular pacing (DDDR and VVIR) was 81% over a median follow-up of 33 months. During period, 123 patients had heart failure hospitalization, 197 died, and 261 patients had atrial fibrillation. RESULTS: Cox proportional hazards models demonstrated that paced QRS duration was a strong predictor of heart failure hospitalization (hazard ratio 1.15; 95% confidence interval 1.07,1.23) for each 10-ms increase in paced QRS duration (P = .001). The increased risk was unaffected by adjustment for other known predictors of heart failure hospitalization in the study. Paced QRS duration was not significant for mortality (P = .41) or atrial fibrillation (P = .20) when baseline QRS duration and other predictors were included. CONCLUSIONS: Paced QRS duration is a significant, independent predictor of heart failure hospitalization in patients with sinus node dysfunction. A very long paced QRS duration is associated with increased heart failure hospitalization.
Shukla, HH; Hellkamp, AS; James, EA; Flaker, GC; Lee, KL; Sweeney, MO; Lamas, GA; Mode Selection Trial (MOST) Investigators,
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