Prediction of sustained ventricular tachycardia inducible by programmed stimulation in patients with coronary artery disease. Utility of clinical variables.
BACKGROUND: Cardiologists often use clinical variables to determine the need for electrophysiological studies to stratify patients for risk of sudden death. It is not clear whether this is rational in patients with coronary artery disease, left ventricular dysfunction, and nonsustained ventricular tachycardia. METHODS AND RESULTS: We analyzed the first 1721 patients enrolled in the Multicenter UnSustained Tachycardia Trial to determine whether clinical variables could predict which patients would have inducible sustained monomorphic ventricular tachycardia. The rate of inducibility of sustained ventricular tachycardia was significantly higher in patients with a history of myocardial infarction and in men compared with women. There was a progressively increased rate of inducibility with increasing numbers of diseased coronary arteries. There was a significantly lower rate of inducibility in patients with prior coronary artery bypass surgery and in patients who also had noncoronary cardiac disease. The rate of inducibility was higher in patients of white race, patients with recent (
Buxton, AE; Hafley, GE; Lehmann, MH; Gold, M; O'Toole, M; Tang, A; Coromilas, J; Hook, B; Stamato, NJ; Lee, KL
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