Altered sensitivity of dopamine autoreceptors in rat accumbens 1 and 7 days after intermittent or continuous cocaine withdrawal.
Using slice preparations, we investigated the effects of chronic cocaine treatment on dopamine autoreceptor sensitivity in the nucleus accumbens core. Cocaine (40 mg/kg/day) was given for 14 days, either by continuous subcutaneous infusion (osmotic minipumps) or single daily injections. One or 7 days after cocaine withdrawal, we used fast scan cyclic voltammetry (10 Hz sampling rate) to measure inhibition of electrically evoked dopamine release by quinpirole (3-300 nM). Continuous cocaine infusion increased quinpirole sensitivity on day 1 of withdrawal, particularly at low concentrations of quinpirole, but this effect was no longer evident by day 7. Intermittent cocaine injections had no effect on day 1 of withdrawal but by day 7 there was a quinpirole subsensitivity. On either withdrawal day, the baseline peak dopamine release or uptake half-life exhibited no treatment group differences. It is suggested that these cocaine dosing regimes cause differential and dynamic changes in dopamine autoreceptor sensitivity during the early withdrawal phase.
Davidson, C; Ellinwood, EH; Lee, TH
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