Beta-arrestin1 mediates insulin-like growth factor 1 (IGF-1) activation of phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K) and anti-apoptosis.
beta-arrestins (1 and 2) are widely expressed cytosolic proteins that play central roles in G protein-coupled receptor signaling. beta-arrestin1 is also recruited to the insulin-like growth factor 1 (IGF-1) receptor, a receptor tyrosine kinase, upon agonist binding. Here we report that, in response to IGF-1 stimulation, beta-arrestin1 mediates activation of phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase in a pathway that leads to the subsequent activation of Akt and anti-apoptosis. This process is independent of both Gi and ERK activity. The pathway fails in mouse embryo fibroblasts lacking both beta-arrestins and is restored by stable transfection of beta-arrestin1. Remarkably, this pathway is insensitive to chemical inhibition of IGF-1 receptor tyrosine kinase activity. These results suggest that, in addition to their roles in G protein-coupled receptor signaling, beta-arrestins couple the IGF-1 receptor tyrosine kinase to the phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase system and suggest that this mechanism is operative independently of the tyrosine kinase activity of the receptor.
Povsic, TJ; Kohout, TA; Lefkowitz, RJ
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