Assembly of an A kinase-anchoring protein-beta(2)-adrenergic receptor complex facilitates receptor phosphorylation and signaling.
Phosphorylation of G-protein-coupled receptors by second-messenger-stimulated kinases is central to the process of receptor desensitization [1-3]. Phosphorylation of the beta(2)-adrenergic receptor (beta(2)-AR) by protein kinase A (PKA), in addition to uncoupling adenylate cyclase activation, is obligatory for receptor-mediated activation of mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAP kinase) cascades  . Although mechanisms for linking G-protein-coupled receptor kinases to the activated receptor are well established, analogous mechanisms for targeting second messenger kinases to the beta(2)-AR at the plasma membrane have not been elucidated. Here we show that the A-kinase-anchoring protein, AKAP79/150, co-precipitates with the beta(2)-AR in cell and tissue extracts, nucleating a signaling complex that includes PKA, protein kinase C (PKC) and protein phosphatase PP2B. The anchoring protein directly and constitutively interacts with the beta(2)-AR and promotes receptor phosphorylation following agonist stimulation. Functional studies show that PKA anchoring is required to enhance beta(2)-AR phosphorylation and to facilitate downstream activation of the MAP kinase pathway. This defines a role for AKAP79/150 in the recruitment of second-messenger-regulated signaling enzymes to a G-protein-coupled receptor.
Fraser, ID; Cong, M; Kim, J; Rollins, EN; Daaka, Y; Lefkowitz, RJ; Scott, JD
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