Phosphorylation of the beta-adrenergic receptor in intact cells: relationship to heterologous and homologous mechanisms of adenylate cyclase desensitization.

Journal Article (Journal Article)

We have recently shown that both heterologous and homologous forms of adenylate cyclase desensitization involve phosphorylation of beta-adrenergic receptors. In order to compare these two reactions, we wished to identify a single cell system in which both processes could be studied. Using the frog erythrocyte, which has been previously shown to exhibit cAMP-independent homologous desensitization, we have found that under appropriate conditions cAMP-dependent heterologous desensitization can be elicited. Incubation of intact cells with the membrane-permeable cAMP analogs dibutyryl cAMP or 8-bromo cAMP promotes about a 50% desensitization of isoproterenol- and prostaglandin E1-stimulated adenylate cyclase activity in a time-, temperature-, and dose-dependent fashion. There is also a 20% desensitization in the abilities of guanine nucleotides (GTP and guanyl-5'-yl-imidodiphosphate) and NaF to stimulate adenylate cyclase maximally. In contrast, there is no effect on forskolin- or MnCl2-stimulated enzyme activities. The desensitization response is specific for cAMP as dibutyryl cGMP, 8-bromo cGMP, or 8-bromo AMP produce little or no desensitization. Incubation of the cells with dibutyryl cAMP does not affect the number of cell surface beta-adrenergic receptors. In contrast, incubation with isoproterenol promotes homologous desensitization and sequestration of the receptors. Incubation of 32P-labeled erythrocytes with either dibutyryl cAMP or isoproterenol promotes a stoichiometric threefold increase in the phosphorylation state of the beta-adrenergic receptor which occurs predominantly on serine residues. However, if the cells are coincubated with both dibutyryl cAMP and isoproterenol then the desensitization of isoproterenol-stimulated enzyme activity and phosphorylation of the beta-adrenergic receptor are greater than those observed with either agent alone. These results indicate that heterologous and homologous desensitization of adenylate cyclase-coupled beta-adrenergic receptors are mediated by different biochemical pathways involving phosphorylation of the receptor protein on distinct sites.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Sibley, DR; Daniel, K; Strader, CD; Lefkowitz, RJ

Published Date

  • October 1, 1987

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 258 / 1

Start / End Page

  • 24 - 32

PubMed ID

  • 2444163

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0003-9861

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1016/0003-9861(87)90318-3


  • eng

Conference Location

  • United States