Multiple effects of guanine nucleotides on human platelet adenylated cyclase.
We report that the adenylate cyclase system in human platelets is subject to multiple regulation by guanine nucleotides. Previously it has been reported that GTP is either required for or has little effect on the response of the enzyme to prostaglandin E1. We have found that when platelet lysates were prepared in the presence of 5 mM EDTA, GTP lowered the basal and prostaglandin E1-stimulated adenylate cyclase activity, but at a higher concentration of Mn2+, it caused an increase in enzyme activity exceeding that occurring in the presence of prostaglandin E1. In the presence of Mn2+, dGTP mimics the effect of GTP and is 50% as effective as GTP. Our data suggest that the inhibitory effect of GTP on prostaglandin E1-stimulated adenylate cyclase is mainly due to its direct effect on the enzyme itself, whereas the stimulatory effect of GTP on prostaglandin E1-stimulated adenylate cyclase is due to enhancement of the coupling between the prostaglandin E1 receptor and adenylate cyclase. These studies also indicate that the method of preparation of platelet lysates can profoundly alter the nature of guanine nucleotide regulation of adenylate cyclase.
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