Maternal and neonatal outcomes of grand multiparas over two decades in Mali.

Journal Article (Journal Article)

OBJECTIVE: To analyze the association between grand multiparity and maternal and neonatal morbidity and mortality. DESIGN: Retrospective cross-sectional study. SETTING: Point G National Hospital, a tertiary care hospital in Bamako, Mali. POPULATION: All singleton births from 1985 to 2003. METHODS: Cross-sectional study of 13 340 singleton births at a tertiary care hospital in Mali (1985-2003) compared outcomes between 3617 grand multiparas (para ≥5) and 9723 pauciparas (para 1-4). Odds ratios (OR) were adjusted for maternal age, prenatal care utilization, socioeconomic status, and region of origin. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Maternal mortality, perinatal mortality, placental abnormalities (previa and abruption), uterine rupture, postpartum infection, postpartum hemorrhage, eclampsia, cesarean delivery, mean birthweight, low birthweight, high birthweight. RESULTS: Grand multiparas were older, poorer, and less likely to have accessed prenatal care. Grand multiparas had a lower adjusted odds of maternal death (adjusted OR, 0.66; 95%CI, 0.45-0.97), but higher adjusted odds of perinatal death (adjusted OR, 1.33; 95%CI, 1.12-1.59), placental abnormalities (adjusted OR, 1.57; 95%CI, 1.21-2.05), and high birthweight (adjusted OR, 1.42; 95%CI, 1.05-1.92). CONCLUSIONS: The healthy person effect may explain grand multiparas' lower odds of maternal death. Reducing grand multiparity and improving grand multiparas' access to prenatal care may improve population-level perinatal outcomes.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Teguete, I; Maiga, AW; Leppert, PC

Published Date

  • May 2012

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 91 / 5

Start / End Page

  • 580 - 586

PubMed ID

  • 22313177

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1600-0412

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1111/j.1600-0412.2012.01372.x


  • eng

Conference Location

  • United States