Calcium-dependent signaling in Dupuytren's disease.
Journal Article (Journal Article)
BACKGROUND: Previous studies suggest that Dupuytren's disease is caused by fibroblast and myofibroblast contractility. Cell contractility in smooth muscle cells is caused by calcium-dependent and calcium-independent signaling mechanisms. In the calcium-dependent pathway, calcium/calmodulin activates myosin light chain kinase (MLCK). In this study, the effects of calcium/calmodulin inhibition with the FDA-approved drug fluphenazine on Dupuytren's fibroblast contractility and MLCK expression were tested. METHODS: Fibroblast lines from the palmar fascia of patients with Dupuytren's disease were explanted and used for in vitro study. The effect of fluphenazine on Dupuytren's fibroblast migration was determined using a scratch migration assay, and contractility was determined using fibroblast-populated collagen lattice (FPCL) assays. Immunohistochemical staining of MLCK in different samples of Dupuytren's tissue and normal fascia were compared. RESULTS: Fluphenazine demonstrated a dose-dependent inhibition of Dupuytren's fibroblast migration, with the maximum inhibition of migration observed at 20 μM (69.8 ± 1.9%). Fluphenazine also inhibited FPCL contraction in a dose-dependent manner. Maximal inhibition was observed at a fluphenazine concentration of 20 μM (52.5 ± 6.1%). Immunohistological staining illustrated that MLCK was predominantly expressed throughout the cytoplasm of select fibroblasts within Dupuytren's nodules, yet was absent in the fibroblasts of Dupuytren's cords and normal palmar fascia. CONCLUSIONS: Fluphenazine inhibits Dupuytren's fibroblast contractility and migration through inhibition of MLCK in vitro. However, the inconsistent expression of MLCK throughout Dupuytren's tissue suggests that calcium-dependent signaling may not be a primary mode of contracture formation. Fluphenazine inhibition of MLCK is not likely to be a target for the treatment of Dupuytren's disease.
- Hadeed, JG; Bond, JE; Selim, MA; Bergeron, A; Levin, LS; Levinson, H
- June 2011
Volume / Issue
- 6 / 2
Start / End Page
- 159 - 164
Pubmed Central ID
Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)
- United States