Insulin-like growth factor binding protein 2 is a growth inhibitory protein conserved in zebrafish.
Fish serum contains several specific binding proteins for insulin-like growth factors (IGFBPs). The structure and physiological function of these fish IGFBPs are unknown. Here we report the complete primary sequence of a zebrafish IGFBP deduced from cDNA clones isolated by library screening and rapid amplification of cDNA ends. The full-length 1,757-bp cDNA encodes a protein of 276 aa, which contains a putative 22-residue signal peptide and a 254-residue mature protein. The mature zebrafish IGFBP has a predicted molecular size of 28,440 Da and shows high sequence identity with human IGFBP-2 (52%). The sequence identities with other human IGFBPs are <37%. Chinese hamster ovary cells stably transfected with the zebrafish IGFBP-2 cDNA secreted a 31-kDa protein, which bound to IGF-I and IGF-II with high affinity, but did not bind to Des(1-3)IGF-I or insulin. Northern blot analyses revealed that the zebrafish IGFBP-2 transcript is a 1.8-kb band expressed in many embryonic and adult tissues. In adult zebrafish, IGFBP-2 mRNA levels were greatly reduced by growth hormone treatment but increased by prolonged fasting. When overexpressed or added to cultured zebrafish and mammalian cells, the zebrafish IGFBP-2 significantly inhibited IGF-I-stimulated cell proliferation and DNA synthesis. These results indicate that zebrafish IGFBP-2 is a negative growth regulator acting downstream in the growth hormone-IGF-I axis.
Duan, C; Ding, J; Li, Q; Tsai, W; Pozios, K
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