Ca2+ entry via alpha1G and TRPV4 channels differentially regulates surface expression of P-selectin and barrier integrity in pulmonary capillary endothelium.

Journal Article (Journal Article)

Pulmonary vascular endothelial cells express a variety of ion channels that mediate Ca(2+) influx in response to diverse environmental stimuli. However, it is not clear whether Ca(2+) influx from discrete ion channels is functionally coupled to specific outcomes. Thus we conducted a systematic study in mouse lung to address whether the alpha(1G) T-type Ca(2+) channel and the transient receptor potential channel TRPV4 have discrete functional roles in pulmonary capillary endothelium. We used real-time fluorescence imaging for endothelial cytosolic Ca(2+), immunohistochemistry to probe for surface expression of P-selectin, and the filtration coefficient to specifically measure lung endothelial permeability. We demonstrate that membrane depolarization via exposure of pulmonary vascular endothelium to a high-K(+) perfusate induces Ca(2+) entry into alveolar septal endothelial cells and exclusively leads to the surface expression of P-selectin. In contrast, Ca(2+) entry in septal endothelium evoked by the selective TRPV4 activator 4alpha-phorbol-12,13-didecanoate (4alpha-PDD) specifically increases lung endothelial permeability without effect on P-selectin expression. Pharmacological blockade or knockout of alpha(1G) abolishes depolarization-induced Ca(2+) entry and surface expression of P-selectin but does not prevent 4alpha-PDD-activated Ca(2+) entry and the resultant increase in permeability. Conversely, blockade or knockout of TRPV4 specifically abolishes 4alpha-PDD-activated Ca(2+) entry and the increase in permeability, while not impacting depolarization-induced Ca(2+) entry and surface expression of P-selectin. We conclude that in alveolar septal capillaries Ca(2+) entry through alpha(1G) and TRPV4 channels differentially and specifically regulates the transition of endothelial procoagulant phenotype and barrier integrity, respectively.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Wu, S; Jian, M-Y; Xu, Y-C; Zhou, C; Al-Mehdi, A-B; Liedtke, W; Shin, H-S; Townsley, MI

Published Date

  • October 2009

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 297 / 4

Start / End Page

  • L650 - L657

PubMed ID

  • 19617313

Pubmed Central ID

  • PMC2770796

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1522-1504

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1152/ajplung.00015.2009


  • eng

Conference Location

  • United States