Study of gastric fluid induced cytokine and chemokine expression in airway smooth muscle cells and airway remodeling.
Asthma is a chronic airway inflammatory disease. Chronic aspiration by gastric fluid in gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) is considered a primary inflammatory factor exacerbating or predisposing patients to asthma. Airway smooth muscle cells (SMCs) are considered an important component in airway remodeling. To investigate the role of gastric fluid in airway SMC inflammation and airway remodeling, we examined gastric fluid-induced cytokine and chemokine profiles, airway SMC migration and matrix metalloproteinase expression in rat primary rat airway SMCs. The T helper cell type 2 (Th2) cytokines interleukin 4, interleukin 6 and tumor necrosis factor 2 (TNF-α) and the chemokines, lipopolysaccharide-induced CXC chemokine (LIX/CXCL5), cytokine-induced neutrophil chemoattractant 2 (CINC-2), CINC-3, fractalkine, ciliary neurotrophic factor (CNTF), and vascular endothelial growth factor were induced by gastric fluid in primary cultured rat airway SMCs. Migration of rat airway SMCs was enhanced by gastric fluid and conditioned medium. The migration of rat airway SMCs enhanced by gastric fluid was associated with actin polymerization and activation of focal adhesion kinase. Matrix metalloproteinase 2 expressions in airway SMCs was enhanced by gastric fluid and conditioned medium. The results suggest potential mechanisms by which gastric fluid aspiration might influence SMC-mediated airway remodeling.
Chiu, HY; Chen, CW; Lin, HT; Hsieh, CC; Lin, SS; Cheng, CM
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