Personality measures as predictors of smoking initiation and cessation in the UNC Alumni Heart Study.

Journal Article (Journal Article)

MMPI data collected from a sample of college men and women during 1964-1967 were used to predict smoking initiation and cessation over a 20-year follow-up period. People who subsequently began smoking were more rebellious, impulsive, sensation seeking, and hostile; were less likely to present a positive self-image; and were socially extraverted while in college. People who continued to smoke 20 years later were more hostile and sensation seeking. The personality variables that predicted smoking initiation and cessation were the same for men and women. Discussion centers on the potential role of hostility as a predictor of smoking cessation.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Lipkus, IM; Barefoot, JC; Williams, RB; Siegler, IC

Published Date

  • March 1994

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 13 / 2

Start / End Page

  • 149 - 155

PubMed ID

  • 8020458

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0278-6133

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1037//0278-6133.13.2.149


  • eng

Conference Location

  • United States