Remediation of sleep-deprivation-induced working memory impairment with fMRI-guided transcranial magnetic stimulation.

Journal Article (Journal Article)

Repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) was applied to test the role of selected cortical regions in remediating sleep-deprivation-induced deficits in visual working memory (WM) performance. Three rTMS targets were chosen using a functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI)-identified network associated with sleep-deprivation-induced WM performance impairment: 2 regions from the network (upper left middle occipital gyrus and midline parietal cortex) and 1 nonnetwork region (lower left middle occipital gyrus). Fifteen participants underwent total sleep deprivation for 48 h. rTMS was applied at 5 Hz during a WM task in a within-subject sham-controlled design. The rTMS to the upper-middle occipital site resulted in a reduction of the sleep-induced reaction time deficit without a corresponding decrease in accuracy, whereas stimulation at the other sites did not. Each subject had undergone fMRI scanning while performing the task both pre- and postsleep deprivation, and the degree to which each individual activated the fMRI network was measured. The degree of performance enhancement with upper-middle occipital rTMS correlated with the degree to which each individual failed to sustain network activation. No effects were found in a subset of participants who performed the same rTMS procedure after recovering from sleep deprivation, suggesting that the performance enhancements seen following sleep deprivation were state dependent.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Luber, B; Stanford, AD; Bulow, P; Nguyen, T; Rakitin, BC; Habeck, C; Basner, R; Stern, Y; Lisanby, SH

Published Date

  • September 2008

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 18 / 9

Start / End Page

  • 2077 - 2085

PubMed ID

  • 18203694

Pubmed Central ID

  • PMC2981026

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1460-2199

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1093/cercor/bhm231


  • eng

Conference Location

  • United States