The representation of time for motor learning.

Journal Article (Journal Article)

We have identified factors that control precise motor timing by studying learning in smooth pursuit eye movements. Monkeys tracked a target that moved horizontally for a fixed time interval before changing direction through the addition of a vertical component of motion. After repeated presentations of the same target trajectory, infrequent probe trials of purely horizontal target motion evoked a vertical eye movement around the time when the change in target direction would have occurred. The pursuit system timed the vertical eye movement by keeping track of the duration of horizontal target motion and by measuring the distance the target traveled before changing direction, but not by learning the position in space where the target changed direction. We conclude that high temporal precision in motor output relies on multiple signals whose contributions to timing vary according to task requirements.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Medina, JF; Carey, MR; Lisberger, SG

Published Date

  • January 6, 2005

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 45 / 1

Start / End Page

  • 157 - 167

PubMed ID

  • 15629710

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0896-6273

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1016/j.neuron.2004.12.017


  • eng

Conference Location

  • United States