Orbital surgery: state of the art.
Much has been written about the repair of orbital fractures, yet some debate still exists among surgeons with regard to indications for and timing of fracture repair and various surgical techniques. Controversies regarding the surgical maneuvers include the incision, surgical approach, and methods of wound closure. More detailed imaging modalities have allowed clinicians to understand the injuries more completely and plan for and execute more ideal reconstructions. Recent advances in orbital implant materials and the role of endoscopy in orbital fracture repair add to this debate about which techniques would be best for particular injuries. This article discusses these issues and provides the most current literature review regarding the management of various orbital fractures.
Liss, J; Stefko, ST; Chung, WL
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