Role of catalysts in the surface synthesis of single-walled carbon nanotubes
We demonstrate the role of catalysts in the surface growth of single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWNTs) by reviewing recent progress in the surface synthesis of SWNTs. Three effects of catalysts on surface synthesis are studied: type of catalyst, the relationship between the size of catalyst particles and carbon feeding rates, and interactions between catalysts and substrates. Understanding of the role of catalysts will contribute to our ability to control the synthesis of SWNTs on various substrates and facilitate the fabrication of nanotube-based devices. © Tsinghua University Press and Springer-Verlag GmbH 2009.
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