Three dimensional single-walled carbon nanotubes.
We report a simple fabrication method of creating a three-dimensional single-walled carbon nanotube (CNT) architecture in which suspended CNTs are aligned parallel to each other along the conventionally unused third dimension at lithographically defined locations. Combining top-down lithography with the bottom-up block copolymer self-assembly technique and utilizing the excellent film forming capability of polymeric materials, highly uniform catalyst nanoparticles with an average size of 2.0 nm have been deposited on sidewalls for generating CNTs with 1 nm diameter. This three-dimensional platform is useful for fundamental studies as well as technological exploration. The fabrication method described herein is applicable for the synthesis of other very small 1D nanomaterials using the catalytic vapor deposition technique.
Lu, J; Yuan, D; Liu, J; Leng, W; Kopley, TE
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