Non-genetic risk factors and predicting efficacy for docetaxel--drug-induced liver injury among metastatic breast cancer patients.


Journal Article

BACKGROUND AND AIM: Docetaxel has been chosen as one of the most popular anticancer drugs in the treatment of breast cancer for more than a decade. There is increasingly awareness for the occurrence of docetaxel and/or docetaxel-drug-induced liver injury (DILI), although the underlying mechanism of occurrence and its risk factors remain unclear. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective cohort study to identify non-genetic risk factors for docetaxel-DILI among 647 metastasis breast cancer patients treated with docetaxel-containing regimens. RESULTS: Sixty-seven (10.36%) patients were diagnosed as docetaxel-DILI. By logistic regression analysis, premenopausal status (odds ratio [OR][95% confidence interval {CI}] = 2.24 [1.30-3.87]), past hepatitis B virus (HBV) infections (OR [95% CI] = 4.23 [1.57-11.42]), liver metastasis (OR [95% CI] = 3.70 [2.16-6.34]). The predominant occurrence of DILI was seen in groups with docetaxel combination regimens. (OR [95% CI] = 2.66 [1.59-4.55]). The potential increasing occurrence of docetaxel-DILI was associated with multiple risk factors in an exposure-response manner (P < 0.001), and patients with more than three risk factors would be exposed to a 36.61-fold risk of DILI (95% CI = 10.18-131.62). Further analysis by the risk score and area under the receiver-operator characteristic curve (AUC) showed that those four factors contributed to an AUC of 0.7536 (95% CI = 0.70-0.81), with a predictive sensitivity of 74.63% and specificity of 65.17%. CONCLUSIONS: Docetaxel-DILI with a relatively higher incidence should be addressed among metastatic breast cancer patients. Four predominant risk factors, including premenopausal status, past HBV infection, liver metastasis, and docetaxel combination regimens, were potential predicators for DILI.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Wang, Z; Liang, X; Yu, J; Zheng, X; Zhu, Y; Yan, Y; Dong, N; Di, L; Song, G; Zhou, X; Wang, X; Yang, H; Ren, J; Lyerly, HK

Published Date

  • August 2012

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 27 / 8

Start / End Page

  • 1348 - 1352

PubMed ID

  • 22432938

Pubmed Central ID

  • 22432938

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1440-1746

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1111/j.1440-1746.2012.07131.x


  • eng

Conference Location

  • Australia