Activation of transgene expression in skeletal muscle by focused ultrasound.

Journal Article (Journal Article)

To correlate thermal dose from focused ultrasound (FUS) with gene expression and tissue injury, a temperature plateau strategy was employed. Plasmids encoding luciferase gene under the control of hsp70B promoter were transfected into the right gastrocnemius muscle in a rat via electroporation. One day after transfection, hind limbs were treated with 3.3-MHz focused ultrasound, using one of four different temperature plateaus with spatial-peak time-average focal temperatures (T(SPTA)) of 46 degrees C, 48 degrees C, 51 degrees C and 62 degrees C. The treatment duration at the plateau temperature was varied from 0 to 30s. Gene expression was analyzed in vivo one day following FUS treatment, and H&E staining was employed to assess tissue injury. Gene activation and tissue damage correlated closely with thermal dose. The highest level of gene activation was induced by FUS at T(SPTA)=51 degrees C for 20s, which was found to be statistically equivalent to that produced by water-bath hyperthermia.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Lu, X; Sankin, G; Pua, EC; Madden, J; Zhong, P

Published Date

  • February 6, 2009

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 379 / 2

Start / End Page

  • 428 - 433

PubMed ID

  • 19118526

Pubmed Central ID

  • PMC2659509

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1090-2104

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1016/j.bbrc.2008.12.090


  • eng

Conference Location

  • United States