Endogenous acyl ghrelin is involved in mediating spontaneous phase III-like contractions of the rat stomach.
In humans and dogs, it is known that motilin regulates phase III contractions of migrating motor complex (MMC) in the fasted state. In rats, however, motilin and its receptor have not been found, and administration of motilin failed to induce any phase III-like contractions. Ghrelin was discovered as the endogenous ligand for the growth hormone secretagogue receptor (GHS-R) from the rat stomach. Ghrelin promotes gastric premature phase III (phase III-like contractions) in the fasted state in rats. We hypothesized that endogenous ghrelin regulates spontaneous phase III-like contractions in rats. Strain gauge transducer was sutured on the antrum and a catheter was inserted into the jugular vein. We studied the effects of i.v. administration of ghrelin and a GHS-R antagonist on gastric phase III-like contractions in conscious rats. Plasma level of ghrelin was measured by a radioimmunoassay. Ghrelin augmented spontaneous phase III-like contractions and a GHS-R antagonist significantly attenuated the occurrence of spontaneous phase III-like contractions. During the phase I period, plasma ghrelin level increased to its peak then returned to basal level, subsequently phase III-like contractions were observed. These results suggest that endogenous ghrelin regulates gastric phase III-like contractions in rats.
Ariga, H; Tsukamoto, K; Chen, C; Mantyh, C; Pappas, TN; Takahashi, T
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