Gβγ-dependent phosphoinositide 3-kinase activation in hearts with in vivo pressure overload hypertrophy
Activation of phosphoinositide 3-kinases is coupled to both phosphotyrosine/growth factor and G protein-coupled receptors. We explored the role of phosphoinositide 3-kinase activation in myocardium during in vivo pressure overload hypertrophy in mice. Cytosolic extracts from wild type hypertrophied hearts showed a selective increase in the phosphoinositide 3- kinase γ isoform. To address the role of G protein-coupled receptor-mediated activation of phosphoinositide 3-kinase, we used transgenic mice with cardiac-specific overexpression of a Gβγ sequestering peptide. Extracts from hypertrophied transgenic hearts showed complete loss of phosphoinositide 3-kinase activation, indicating a Gβγ-dependent process. To determine the class of G proteins that contribute Gβγ dimers for in vivo phosphoinositide 3-kinase activation, two strategies were used: 1) transgenic mice with cardiac-specific overexpression of a G(q) inhibitor peptide and 2) pertussis toxin treatment prior to pressure overload in wild type mice. Pressure overloaded G(q) inhibitor transgenic mice showed a complete absence of phosphoinositide 3-kinase activation, whereas pretreatment with pertussis toxin showed robust phosphoinositide 3-kinase activation. Taken together, these data demonstrate that activation of the phosphoinositide 3-kinase during in vivo pressure overload hypertrophy is Gβγ-dependent and the Gβγ dimers arise from stimulation of G(q)-coupled receptors.
Naga Prasad, SV; Esposito, G; Mao, L; Koch, WJ; Rockman, HA
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