Genetic mapping of a novel familial form of infantile hemangioma.
Infantile hemangiomas are the most common tumor of infancy, occurring with an incidence of up to 10% of all births. They are benign but highly proliferative lesions involving aberrant localized growth of capillary endothelium. Although most hemangiomas occur sporadically and as single lesions, or in conjunction with pleiotropic genetic syndromes, we have previously identified six kindreds where hemangiomas appear to segregate as an autosomal dominant trait with high penetrance. Four such families contain affected individuals in three or more generations. In the current study, blood samples from five of these families were collected and used in a whole genome linkage search at 10-cM resolution. We established evidence for linkage to 5q in three families, and evidence for locus heterogeneity. The three 5q-linked families were further genotyped to generate haplotype information and narrow the candidate interval. Based on recombination breakpoint analysis, the interval exists between markers D5S2490 and D5S408, spanning 55 cM, and corresponding to 5q31-33. Using information from affected and unaffected individuals, the interval spans 38 cM between markers D5S1469 and D5S211. Three candidate genes involved with blood vessel growth map to this region: fibroblast growth factor receptor-4 (FGFR4), platelet-derived growth factor receptor-beta (PDG-FRB), and fms-related tyrosine kinase-4 (FLT4). The genes and gene products associated with familial hemangiomas may be involved somatically in the more common sporadic cases.
Walter, JW; Blei, F; Anderson, JL; Orlow, SJ; Speer, MC; Marchuk, DA
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