Design and Development of a New Multi-Projection X-Ray System for Chest Imaging.

Published

Journal Article

Overlapping anatomical structures may confound the detection of abnormal pathology, including lung nodules, in conventional single-projection chest radiography. To minimize this fundamental limiting factor, a dedicated digital multi-projection system for chest imaging was recently developed at the Radiology Department of Duke University. We are reporting the design of the multi-projection imaging system and its initial performance in an ongoing clinical trial. The system is capable of acquiring multiple full-field projections of the same patient along both the horizontal and vertical axes at variable speeds and acquisition frame rates. These images acquired in rapid succession from slightly different angles about the posterior-anterior (PA) orientation can be correlated to minimize the influence of overlying anatomy. The developed system has been tested for repeatability and motion blur artifacts to investigate its robustness for clinical trials. Excellent geometrical consistency was found in the tube motion, with positional errors for clinical settings within 1%. The effect of tube-motion on the image quality measured in terms of impact on the Modulation Transfer Function (MTF) was found to be minimal. The system was deemed clinic-ready and a clinical trial was subsequently launched. The flexibility of image acquisition built into the system provides a unique opportunity to easily modify it for different clinical applications, including tomosynthesis, correlation imaging (CI), and stereoscopic imaging.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Chawla, AS; Boyce, S; Washington, L; McAdams, HP; Samei, E

Published Date

  • February 2009

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 56 / 1

Start / End Page

  • 36 - 45

PubMed ID

  • 29375155

Pubmed Central ID

  • 29375155

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0018-9499

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1109/TNS.2008.2008647

Language

  • eng

Conference Location

  • United States