Staphylococcus aureus sortase transpeptidase SrtA: insight into the kinetic mechanism and evidence for a reverse protonation catalytic mechanism.

Published

Journal Article

The Staphylococcus aureus transpeptidase SrtA catalyzes the covalent attachment of LPXTG-containing virulence and colonization-associated proteins to cell-wall peptidoglycan in Gram-positive bacteria. Recent structural characterizations of staphylococcal SrtA, and related transpeptidases SrtB from S. aureus and Bacillus anthracis, provide many details regarding the active site environment, yet raise questions with regard to the nature of catalysis and active site cysteine thiol activation. Here we re-evaluate the kinetic mechanism of SrtA and shed light on aspects of its catalytic mechanism. Using steady-state, pre-steady-state, bisubstrate kinetic studies, and high-resolution electrospray mass spectrometry, revised steady-state kinetic parameters and a ping-pong hydrolytic shunt kinetic mechanism were determined for recombinant SrtA. The pH dependencies of kinetic parameters k(cat)/K(m) and k(cat) for the substrate Abz-LPETG-Dap(Dnp)-NH(2) were bell-shaped with pK(a) values of 6.3 +/- 0.2 and 9.4 +/- 0.2 for k(cat) and 6.2 +/- 0.2 and 9.4 +/- 0.2 for k(cat)/K(m). Solvent isotope effect (SIE) measurements revealed inverse behavior, with a (D)2(O)k(cat) of 0.89 +/- 0.01 and a (D)2(O)(k(cat)/K(m)) of 0.57 +/- 0.03 reflecting an equilibrium SIE. In addition, SIE measurements strongly implicated Cys184 participation in the isotope-sensitive rate-determining chemical step when considered in conjunction with an inverse linear proton inventory for k(cat). Last, the pH dependence of SrtA inactivation by iodoacetamide revealed a single ionization for inactivation. These studies collectively provide compelling evidence for a reverse protonation mechanism where a small fraction (ca. 0.06%) of SrtA is competent for catalysis at physiological pH, yet is highly active with an estimated k(cat)/K(m) of >10(5) M(-)(1) s(-)(1).

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Frankel, BA; Kruger, RG; Robinson, DE; Kelleher, NL; McCafferty, DG

Published Date

  • August 2005

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 44 / 33

Start / End Page

  • 11188 - 11200

PubMed ID

  • 16101303

Pubmed Central ID

  • 16101303

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1520-4995

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0006-2960

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1021/bi050141j

Language

  • eng