Improvements in health-related quality of life following a group intervention for coping with AIDS-bereavement among HIV-infected men and women.

Journal Article (Clinical Trial;Journal Article)

BACKGROUND: AIDS-related bereavement is a severe life stressor that may be particularly distressing to persons themselves infected with HIV. Increasing evidence suggests that psychological health is associated with disease progression, HIV-related symptoms, and mortality. PURPOSE: This study assessed change in health-related quality of life among HIV + persons following a group intervention for coping with AIDS-related loss. METHODS: The sample included 235 HIV + men and women of diverse ethnicities and sexual orientations who had experienced an AIDS-related loss within the previous 2 years. Participants were randomly assigned to a 12-week cognitive-behavioral bereavement coping group intervention or offered individual psychotherapy upon request. Quality of life was assessed at baseline and 2 weeks after the intervention. RESULTS: Participants in the group intervention demonstrated improvements in general health-related and HIV-specific quality of life, while those in the comparison remained the same or deteriorated. Effect sizes indicated that the majority of change occurred in women. CONCLUSION: This bereavement group aimed at improving coping with grief also had a positive impact on health-related quality of life among HIV + men and women, and suggests that cognitive-behavioral interventions may have a broad impact on both emotional and physical health.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Sikkema, KJ; Hansen, NB; Meade, CS; Kochman, A; Lee, RS

Published Date

  • May 2005

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 14 / 4

Start / End Page

  • 991 - 1005

PubMed ID

  • 16041896

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0962-9343

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1007/s11136-004-2959-0


  • eng

Conference Location

  • Netherlands