Organizational changes in cholinergic activity and enhanced visuospatial memory as a function of choline administered prenatally or postnatally or both.


Journal Article

This experiment was an examination of the effects of supplemental dietary choline chloride given prenatally (to the diet of pregnant rats) and postnatally (intubed directly into the stomachs of rat pups) on memory function and neurochemical measures of brain cholinergic activity of male albino rats when they became adults. The data demonstrate that perinatal choline supplementation causes (a) long-term facilitative effects on working and reference memory components of a 12-arm radial maze task, and (b) alternations of muscarinic receptor density as indexed by [3H]quinuclidinyl benzilate (QNB) binding and choline acetyltransferase (ChAT) levels in the hippocampus and frontal cortex of adult rats. An analysis of the relationship between these organizational changes in brain and memory function indicated that the ChAT-to-QNB ratio in the hippocampus is highly correlated with working memory errors, and this ratio in the frontal cortex is highly correlated with reference memory errors.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Meck, WH; Smith, RA; Williams, CL

Published Date

  • December 1989

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 103 / 6

Start / End Page

  • 1234 - 1241

PubMed ID

  • 2610916

Pubmed Central ID

  • 2610916

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1939-0084

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0735-7044

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1037//0735-7044.103.6.1234


  • eng