Children's reasons for living, self-esteem, and violence

Journal Article (Journal Article)

Attitudes toward violence and reasons for living in young adolescents with high, moderate, and low self-esteem were examined. The authors devised an Attitudes Toward Violence questionnaire; the Rosenberg's Self-esteem Scale (RSE) and the Brief Reasons for Living in Adolescents (BRFL-A) was used to assess adaptive characteristics. The independent variables were gender and self-esteem. The dependent variables were total Reasons for Living score and Attitudes Toward Violence score. Participants included 138 boys and 95 girls, ages 11 to 15 years (M = 13.3) from a city middle school. The results showed that for the dependent variable attitudes toward violence, main effects were found for both gender and self-esteem. For the dependent variable reasons for living, a main effect was found for self-esteem but not for gender. An inverse relationship was found between violence and reasons for living. Being male and low self-esteem emerged as predictors of more accepting attitudes toward violence. Low self-esteem was significantly related to fewer reasons for living. Copyright © International Academy for Suicide Research.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Merwin, RM; Ellis, JB

Published Date

  • December 1, 2004

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 8 / 3

Start / End Page

  • 251 - 261

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1543-6136

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 1381-1118

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1080/13811110490436909

Citation Source

  • Scopus