REPAIR-AMI: stem cells for acute myocardial infarction.
Evaluation of: Schachinger V, Erbs S, Elsasser A et al.: Intracoronary bone marrow-derived progenitor cells in acute myocardial infarction. N. Engl. J. Med. 355, 1210-1221 (2006). The Reinfusion of Enriched Progenitor cells And Infarct Remodeling in Acute Myocardial Infarction (REPAIR-AMI) trial, the largest randomized, placebo-controlled trial of stem cell therapy in acute myocardial infarction, studied the efficacy of the intracoronary delivery of bone marrow mononuclear cells (BMCs) versus placebo in patients with acute ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction following successful percutaneous coronary intervention. At 4 month follow-up, patients treated with BMCs had a significant improvement in left ventricular ejection fraction compared with placebo (+5.5 vs +3.0%, absolute difference +2.5%). In addition, treatment with BMCs was associated with a statistically significant reduction in adverse clinical events at 1 year follow-up. Despite these promising findings, other studies have shown mixed results and several unresolved clinical and physiological issues remain. Key findings from ongoing basic and clinical research will define the future role of stem cell therapy for acute myocardial infarction.
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