BIS, BAS, and bias: The role of personality and cognitive bias in social anxiety

Journal Article (Journal Article)

The goal of the present research was to test the hypothesis that cognitive biases for negative and threatening social information mediate the effects of behavioral inhibition system (BIS) and behavioral approach system (BAS) sensitivity on social anxiety. Participants completed self-report measures of BIS and BAS and then underwent a social-threat induction procedure in which they were told they would have to perform a speech. A battery of cognitive bias measures was then administered, followed by a battery of state anxiety measures. Audience members also rated participants' anxiety during the speech. Structural equation modeling was used to test the hypothesized model. As predicted, the fully-mediated model showed the best fit to the data, and higher BIS and lower BAS were found to have significant indirect effects on social anxiety via cognitive bias. © 2011.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Kimbrel, NA; Nelson-Gray, RO; Mitchell, JT

Published Date

  • February 1, 2012

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 52 / 3

Start / End Page

  • 395 - 400

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0191-8869

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1016/j.paid.2011.10.041

Citation Source

  • Scopus