Using academic technology: Transfer methods and licensing incidence in the commercialization of American diagnostic imaging equipment research, 1954-1988


Journal Article

This paper reports a study of licensing incidence and technology transfer methods used between the mid 1950s and late 1980s in almost 200 cases of commercialization of American academic medical diagnostic imaging equipment. I show that methods used to transfer goods and ideas from academic researchers to corporate manufacturers are changing. Although contact between individual researchers and commercializing firms remains critically important, organization-level contact between the research institution and corporation is becoming more common. The likelihood of licensing has increased since the passage of PL 96-517 in 1980, but only in academic institutions that have established formal in-house patent and license offices. The paper also discusses several general issues relating to the role of academic patent and license offices in effective technology transfer. © 1991.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Mitchell, W

Published Date

  • January 1, 1991

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 20 / 3

Start / End Page

  • 203 - 216

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0048-7333

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1016/0048-7333(91)90052-R

Citation Source

  • Scopus