Transperineal templates for brachytherapy treatment of pelvic malignancies--a comparison of standard and customized templates.

Published

Journal Article

A technique is described for the design and construction of customized templates for transperineal implants and interstitial hyperthermia of pelvic malignancies. The design of the template and the distribution of the transperineal Iridium-192 seed ribbons are based on prior optimization of the dose distribution. The target volume is defined by means of pelvic examination and pertinent radiographic studies including a CT. The pelvic CT study is obtained with a plastic obturator in the rectum or the vagina. The obturator is used as a reference structure for aligning the target contour from each image plane to form a composite 2-dimensional contour of maximum tumor extent in a plane perpendicular to the obturator. Dose distributions are calculated to determine the placement of the Iridium-192 seed ribbons in the template. Laparoscopic guidance is used for actual placement of brachytherapy source needles together with a rectal or vaginal obturator to stabilize the template and to assure that the needle placement conforms with the planned geometry. Dose distributions for 10 consecutive patients calculated for customized templates as well as for five commercially available standard templates show that the customized templates are superior to standard templates in that the planned dose distribution matches the configuration of the target volume and is more uniform than with standard templates.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Bentel, GC; Oleson, JR; Clarke-Pearson, D; Soper, JT; Montana, GS

Published Date

  • September 1990

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 19 / 3

Start / End Page

  • 751 - 758

PubMed ID

  • 2211223

Pubmed Central ID

  • 2211223

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0360-3016

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1016/0360-3016(90)90506-f

Language

  • eng

Conference Location

  • United States