Adjunctive therapy for decompression illness: a review and update.

Journal Article (Journal Article)

Therapeutic interventions may augment the outcome or provide temporizing support pending recompression. Effective measures include first aid (surface) oxygen therapy, fluid resuscitation, non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs and avoidance of fever. Lignocaine may also be effective, particularly for cerebral arterial gas embolism (CAGE). For critically ill patients with CAGE, animal studies do not support the use of hyperventilation. There is strong experimental evidence in animals for the efficacy of intravenous perfluorocarbon. When lower limb paralysis occurs, low molecular weight heparin is recommended to reduce the risk of venous thromboembolism.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Moon, RE

Published Date

  • June 2009

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 39 / 2

Start / End Page

  • 81 - 87

PubMed ID

  • 22753201

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 1833-3516


  • eng

Conference Location

  • Australia