Adjunctive therapy in decompression illness: Present and future
Surface oxygen appears to be efficacious, at least whenever there is some delay to recompression treatment. First aid measures should ideally include airway management and assuring adequacy of ventilation, fluid resuscitation and maintenance of blood pressure. Other principles include avoidance and treatment of hyperglycaemia and hyperthermia. Deep vein thrombosis prophylaxis is recommended for divers with severe leg weakness. In the near future several pharmacological agents may become available to protect against neurological damage during the pre-recompression interval.