What is quality? An integrative framework of processes and states

Journal Article (Journal Article)

Quality is a central element in business strategy and academic research. Despite important research on quality, an opportunity for an integrative framework remains. The authors present an integrative framework of quality that captures how firms and customers produce quality (the quality production process), how firms deliver and customers experience quality (the quality experience process), and how customers evaluate quality (the quality evaluation process). The framework extends the literature in several ways. First, the authors describe important linkages between the three processes, including links reflecting the role of co-production. Second, they point to overlooked aspects of the quality processes that influence how quality is conceptualized and should be managed. These include customer heterogeneity in measurement knowledge and motivation; the role of emotion in quality production, experience, and evaluation; and a new typology of attributes. Third, they propose a quality state residing within each quality process and describe what gives rise to these states, which will enhance decision makers' ability to measure and manage quality processes. Finally, they offer theoretical and managerial implications derived from their integrative quality framework including 20 strategies to increase customer satisfaction. © 2012, American Marketing Association.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Golder, PN; Mitra, D; Moorman, C

Published Date

  • July 1, 2012

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 76 / 4

Start / End Page

  • 1 - 23

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0022-2429

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1509/jm.09.0416

Citation Source

  • Scopus