Guillain-Barre syndrome in organ and bone marrow transplant patients.
BACKGROUND: Guillain-Barre Syndrome (GBS) is believed to be caused by autoimmune mechanisms that are predominantly T-cell mediated. We report GBS in organ transplant patients and bone marrow transplant patients, both of whom have iatrogenically suppressed T-cell function. METHODS: We reviewed the Duke University Medical Center database from 1989-1999 for all patients who met the criteria for GBS. There were a total of 212 patients. Of these patients, two had undergone organ transplantation and two had undergone autologous bone marrow transplantation. RESULTS: Our report supports the notion that the humoral immune system is involved in the pathogenesis of GBS. Contrary to previous reports, however, functional recovery can occur without return of T-cell function. CONCLUSIONS: This suggests that in organ transplant patients, GBS may be humorally mediated and, even more importantly, responds well to treatment.
Bulsara, KR; Baron, PW; Tuttle-Newhall, JE; Clavien, PA; Morgenlander, J
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