Comparison of nifedipine alone with propranolol alone for stable angina pectoris including hemodynamics at rest and during exercise.
The effects of nifedipine (60 to 90 mg/day) and propranolol (240 mg/day) on symptoms, angina threshold and cardiac function were compared in a placebo-controlled, double-blind, crossover study. Five-week treatment periods with nifedipine and propranolol were compared with 2 weeks of placebo treatment in 21 men with chronic stable angina pectoris, 13 of whom had symptoms both at rest and on exertion. Compared with placebo, New York Heart Association functional class improved in patients equally with nifedipine (p = 0.001) and propranolol (p = 0.006). Frequency of chest pain decreased with nifedipine (p = 0.001) and propranolol (p = 0.01), and nitroglycerin consumption similarly decreased with both treatments. Nifedipine significantly delayed the onset of chest pain (p = 0.01) and 1 mm of ST-segment depression (p = 0.002) during bicycle exercise; smaller increases with propranolol were not statistically significant. A preferential clinical response to nifedipine (9 patients) or propranolol (6 patients) was unrelated to the presence or absence of pain at rest or to any baseline hemodynamic finding. Nifedipine and propranolol were equally effective in relieving exertional ischemia as shown by improvements in ejection fraction at identical workloads, from 0.48 +/- 0.11 to 0.58 +/- 0.12 (p less than 0.001) and 0.56 +/- 0.14 (p less than 0.001), respectively. Exercise wall motion, assessed by a semiquantitative wall motion score, also improved with both drugs. Propranolol treatment decreased exercise cardiac output by 14% (p = 0.01) through its effect on heart rate. In contrast, nifedipine treatment had no effect on cardiac output.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
Higginbotham, MB; Morris, KG; Coleman, RE; Cobb, FR
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