NIDA522131, a new radioligand for imaging extrathalamic nicotinic acetylcholine receptors: in vitro and in vivo evaluation.
A novel radioligand, 6-chloro-3-((2-(S)-azetidinyl)methoxy)-5-(2-fluoropyridin-4-yl)pyridine (NIDA522131), for imaging extrathalamic nicotinic acetylcholine receptors (nAChRs) was characterized in vitro and in vivo using positron emission tomography. The K(d) and T(1/2) of dissociation of NIDA522131 binding measured at 37 degrees C in vitro were 4.9 +/- 0.4 pmol/L and 81 +/- 5 min, respectively. The patterns of radioactivity distribution in monkey brain in vivo was similar to that of 2-[(18)F]fluoro-3-(2(S)-azetidinylmethoxy)pyridine (2FA), a radioligand that has been successfully used in humans, and matched the alpha(4)beta(2)* nAChRs distribution. Comparison between [(18)F]NIDA522131 and 2FA demonstrated better in vivo binding properties of the new radioligand and substantially greater radioactivity accumulation in brain. Consistent with [(18)F]NIDA522131 elevated affinity for nAChRs and its increased lipophilicity, both, the total and non-displaceable distribution volumes were substantially higher than those of 2FA. Estimated binding potential values in different brain regions, characterizing the specificity of receptor binding, were 3-4 fold higher for [(18)F]NIDA522131 than those of 2FA. Pharmacological evaluation in mice demonstrated a toxicity that was comparable to 2FA and is in agreement with a 2300 fold higher affinity at alpha(4)beta(2)* versus alpha(3)beta(4)* nAChRs. These results suggest that [(18)F]NIDA522131 is a promising positron emission tomography radioligand for studying extrathalamic nAChR in humans.
Chefer, SI; Pavlova, OA; Zhang, Y; Vaupel, DB; Kimes, AS; Horti, AG; Stein, E; Mukhin, AG
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