New in vitro model of traumatic neuronal injury: evaluation of secondary injury and glutamate receptor-mediated neurotoxicity.
The multiplicity and complexity of secondary injury processes following brain trauma in vivo make it difficult to elucidate the roles of specific injury mechanisms. As with other areas of CNS injury, such as ischemia, this has led to the development of in vitro models. Here we describe a new trauma model, in which standardized trauma is delivered to neuronal/glial cultures using a special mechanical device that produces concentric circular cuts in the cell layer. Changes in the number of circles (from 1 to 6) allows variation of injury severity. Comparison studies of cell death induced by such trauma in glial and neuronal/glial cultures demonstrated that glial cells are relatively resistant to this injury, and that the cell death after trauma to neuronal/glial cultures reflects primarily neuronal death. Consistent with other in vivo and in vitro studies, glutamate receptor antagonists MK 801 and MCPG were neuroprotective. Thus, this model appears useful for studying glutamatergic mechanisms involved in secondary injury, and may prove useful for evaluating certain pharmacological strategies for CNS trauma.
Mukhin, AG; Ivanova, SA; Knoblach, SM; Faden, AI
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