Epidemiology, risk factors, and management of peripheral vascular disease.
Peripheral vascular occlusive disease is initiated with a genetic risk factor component compounded by patient-controlled contributions including obesity, diabetes, hypertension, and smoking. Medical management of these factors may delay or obviate surgical intervention. Angiography may be used to perform angioplasty (+/- stents) or to guide various interventional procedures. The major contribution to pre- and post-operative assessment is the noninvasive laboratory.
O'Brien, SP; Mureebe, L; Lossing, A; Kerstein, MD
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