Revision arthroplasty facilitated by ultrasonic tool cement removal. An evaluation of whole bone strength in a canine model.
Ultrasonic driven tools have been developed to facilitate the removal of bone cement during revision arthroplasty. The effect on whole bone strength of cement removal by ultrasonic tools was examined in a canine femur model. Paired, fresh-frozen canine femora were divided into two groups. In group A, one femur from each pair was subjected to cement extraction with ultrasonic tools. In group B, one femur from each pair was subjected to manual cement extraction. Contralateral femora from each pair served as controls to determine the strength of intact femora. Torsional fractures were produced using a servocontrolled hydraulic testing machine (Minneapolis Testing System, Minneapolis, MN). Maximum torque, maximum angle, and energy capacity to failure were determined. Results were recorded as a reduction in percent value of the tested specimen versus the contralateral control. When comparing femora with cement removal by ultrasonic tools to the contralateral control femur, there were no statistical differences in ultimate torque (P = .83), maximum angle (P = .89), and energy capacity (P = .74) by analysis of variance. In addition, there were no significant differences between the group with ultrasonic tool cement removal and the group with manual tool removal. The authors conclude that in this canine model, removal of cement with ultrasonically driven tools has no adverse effects on whole bone strength.
Callaghan, JJ; Elder, SH; Stranne, SK; Fulghum, CF; Seaber, AV; Myers, BS
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