IL28B polymorphism is not associated with HCV protease diversity in patients co-infected with HIV and HCV treated with pegylated interferon and ribavirin.
Recent studies have demonstrated that IL28B polymorphisms predict therapeutic responses in chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV)-treated patients; however, the effect on HCV viral diversity, particularly on the HCV protease gene, is not clear. This study sought to evaluate the effect of IL28B polymorphisms on HCV diversity at NS3/4 protease region, which may influence therapeutic response to an HCV protease inhibitor based regimen. Twenty-two patients co-infected with HIV and HCV genotype 1, treatment-naïve on stable HIV antiretroviral therapy initiating interferon-based treatment were evaluated. Plasma HCV NS3 gene diversity was analyzed by clonal analysis at baseline and end of treatment. IL28B (rs12979860) genotypes were tested for associations with virologic outcomes and diversity parameters. There was similar baseline NS3 diversity in patients with CC (favorable) genotype compared to those with CT/TT (unfavorable) genotypes. There was no significant association between IL28B genotype and baseline NS3 nucleotide p-distance, dS-dN, amino acid p-distance, or nucleotide changes. Among patients without a sustained virologic response, between baseline and follow-up there was a significant trend towards decreased diversity after treatment among patients with favorable genotype, which was not observed in unfavorable genotypes. In patients treated with peginterferon/ribavirin therapy, IL28B polymorphism was not associated with enhanced NS3 diversity at baseline. Among non-SVR patients with the less favorable genotype, there was no change in diversity after treatment. This suggests that IL28B genotype is unlikely to have a negative impact on subsequent HCV PI efficacy in patients co-infected with HIV and HCV patients who have previously failed HCV therapy.
Osinusi, A; Chary, A; Winters, MA; Naggie, S; Masur, H; Polis, MA; Kottilil, S; Holodniy, M
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