Vaccination with the immediate-early protein ICP47 of herpes simplex virus-type 1 (HSV-1) induces virus-specific lymphoproliferation, but fails to protect against lethal challenge.
Assessing the immunobiological function of the individual proteins of herpes simplex virus-type 1 (HSV-1) continues to be important in elucidating virus-host interactions and for the rational design of subunit vaccines. In this report, the non-structural, immediate-early protein ICP47 of HSV-1 was examined for its ability to induce virus-specific immune responses. The ICP47 protein, when expressed from a recombinant vaccinia virus or when produced by cell-free, in vitro translation, induced a vigorous HSV-1-specific lymphoproliferative response. However, other common parameters of immunity such as neutralizing antibody, delayed-type hypersensitivity, and class I major histocompatibility complex (MHC)-restricted cytotoxic T lymphocytes (CTL) were not induced by ICP47. Moreover, mice immunized with vaccinia-expressed ICP47 were unable to survive lethal challenge with virulent HSV, indicating that in spite of its ability to induce significant HSV-1-specific lymphoproliferation, ICP47 appears unable to afford protective immunity in vivo. Possible reasons for this failure and the implications of these results in terms of vaccine design are discussed.
Banks, TA; Jenkins, FJ; Kanangat, S; Nair, S; Dasgupta, S; Foster, CM; Rouse, BT
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