Hydration potential of lysozyme: protein dehydration using a single microparticle technique.

Journal Academic Article, Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural

For biological molecules in aqueous solution, the hydration pressure as a function of distance from the molecular surface represents a very short-range repulsive pressure that limits atom-atom contact, opposing the attractive van der Waals pressure. Whereas the separation distance for molecules that easily arrange into ordered arrays (e.g., lipids, DNA, collagen fibers) can be determined from x-ray diffraction, many globular proteins are not as easily structured. Using a new micropipette technique, spherical, glassified protein microbeads can be made that allow determination of protein hydration as a function of the water activity (a(w)) in a surrounding medium (decanol). By adjusting a(w) of the dehydration medium, the final protein concentration of the solid microbead is controlled, and ranges from 700 to 1150 mg/mL. By controlling a(w) (and thus the osmotic pressure) around lysozyme, the repulsive pressure was determined as a function of distance between each globular, ellipsoid protein. For separation distances, d, between 2.5 and 9 A, the repulsive decay length was 1.7 A and the pressure extrapolated to d = 0 was 2.2 x 10(8) N/m(2), indicating that the hydration pressure for lysozyme is similar to other biological interfaces such as phospholipid bilayers.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Rickard, DL; Duncan, PB; Needham, D

Published Date

  • March 17, 2010

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 98 / 6

Start / End Page

  • 1075 - 1084

PubMed ID

  • 20303865

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1542-0086

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1016/j.bpj.2009.11.043

Language

  • eng

Citation Source

  • PubMed